01.21 | Women.Born.Before

21 jan 1804 Eliza Roxcy Smith Snow Young
Eliza Roxcy Smith Snow Young (21 jan 1804 – 05 dec 1887 | Becket MA – Salt Lake City UT) poet, Mormon historian, married to Joseph Smith, Brigham Young, Lorenzo Snow | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
21 jan 1831 Anna White
Anna White (21 jan 1831 – 16 dec 1910 | Brooklyn NY – Mount Lebanon NY) Shaker Eldress, religious sister, social / political / peace activist, Mt. Lebanon Shaker Community member | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
21 jan 1853 Helen Hamilton Gardener
Helen Hamilton Gardener (21 jan 1853 – 26 jul 1925 | Winchester VA – Washington DC) author, lecturer, suffragist, political activist, government functionary, born Alice Chenoweth, free thought movement member | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
21 jan 1863 willie betty newman
Willie Betty Newman (21 jan 1863 – 06 feb 1935 | Murfreesboro TN – Nashville TN) portrait artist, worked / exhibited in Paris salons, in Tennessee and throughout the US | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne

. . . . . . .

Zelda Paldi Sears (21 jan 1873 – 19 feb 1935 | Brockway MI – Hollywood CA) painter, actress, novelist, playwright, librettist, screenwriter, newspaper columnist

Concha Meléndez (21 jan 1895 – 26 jun 1983 | Caguas, Puerto Rico – San Juan, Puerto Rico) poet, author, educator, professor emeritus, first woman in history of Mexico to earn a PhD, first female member of Puerto Rican Academy of Languages

Nell Steckel Steinmetz (21 jan 1897 – unknown | New Jersey – California) children’s librarian, lecturer on children’s literature, director of small community theater

Fanchon Royer (21 jan 1902 – 13 dec 1981 | Des Moines IA – Teziutlan, Mexico) journalist, publicist, film producer, screenwriter, playwright, theatre director

Bess Lomax Hawes (21 jan 1921 – 27 nov 2009 | Austin TX – Portland OR) folklorist, memoirist, researcher, folk musician, folk music scholar, WWII Office of War Information radio broadcaster, professor of anthropology, created National Heritage Fellowships, first Director of NEA’s Folk and Traditional Arts Program

Evelyn Hofer (21 jan 1922 – 02 nov 2009 | Marburg, Germany – Mexico City, Mexico) German-American, author, portrait and documentary photographer

Marjorie Eilers [Nonnie] Moore (21 jan 1922 – 19 feb 2009 | Plainfield NJ – Manhattan NY)  fashion editor at Mademoiselle, Harper’s Bazaar and GQ

Rhona and Rhonda Wurtele (21 jan 1922 – St. Lambert, Quebec) twins, Canadian skiing pioneers / champions, Canada’s first official women’s Olympic alpine ski team

Dina Gottliebová Babbitt (21 jan 1923 – 29 jul 2009 | Brno, Czechoslovakia – Felton CA) artist, sculptor, animator, watercolorist, Holocaust survivor, Auschwitz portrait painter

Judith Josephine Grossman (21 jan 1923 – 12 sep 1997 | Boston MA – Toronto CA) editor, political activist, science fiction author, pen name Judith Merril, short fiction writer, aka The Little Mother of Science Fiction

Patricia Ann McGillis Locke (21 jan 1928 – 20 oct 2001 | Fort Hall ID – Phoenix AZ) activist-educator, converted to Bahá’í, Lakota name Tawacin WasteWin, first Native American woman to serve on National Spiritual Assembly of US Bahá’ís

Norma Champion (21 jan 1933 – US) retired professor, former state politician, former children’s television show host, first female inducted into Missouri Broadcasters Hall of Fame

Blu Greenberg (21 jan 1936 – Seattle WA) poet, writer, professor, modern Judaism / women’s issues specialist

Lynn Schusterman (21 jan 1939 – Kansas City MO) philanthropist, Jewish arts / culture / education supporter, chair / co-founder Charles and Lynnn Schusterman Family Foundation

Margaret Read MacDonald (21 jan 1940 – Indiana US) folklorist, storyteller, librarian, children’s author, folklore / storytelling educator

Elaine Cottler Showalter (21 jan 1941 – Boston MA) critic, author, scholar, feminist, developed concept / practice of gynocritics, co-founded US academic field of feminist literary criticism

Mary Helen Washington (21 jan 1941 – Cleveland OH) author, literary scholar, distinguished professor, focus on African-American culture / literature, past president of American Studies Association

Gretel Ehrlich (21 jan 1946 – Santa Barbara CA) poet, essayist, travel writer

Christina Maslach (21 jan 1946 – US) author, social psychologist, professor emerita of psychology, research focus on occupational burnout, co-author of Maslach Burnout Inventory

Carolyn Zonailo (21 jan 1947 – Vancouver, British Columbia) poet, publisher, founded Caitlin Press, studied Jungian psychology, mythology, astrology

Jane Holland Smith (21 jan 1948 – Sabine Parish LA) retired educator, former State politician, family / health and fitness activist / advocate

Constance Laux (21 jan 1952 – Cleveland OH) romance novelist, pen names: Connie Deka, Connie Lane, Casey Daniels, Kylie Logan, Zoe Daniels, Miranda Bliss

Penny Severns (21 jan 1952 – 21 feb 1998 | Decatur IL – Decatur IL) State politician, secret lesbian, namesake for Penny Severns Breast and Cervial Cancer Research Fund

Virginia Elizabeth [Geena] Davis (21 jan 1956 – Wareham MA) writer, actress, film producer, former archer, social activist, founded Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media

Susanne Mentzer (21 jan 1957 – Philadelphia PA) operatic mezzo-soprano, former university professor / now private voice teacher

Deborah Scaling Kiley (21 jan 1958 – 13 aug 2012 | Throckmorton TX – San Miguel de Allende, Mexico) author, sailor, author, speaker, businesswoman, first US woman to complete Whitbread Round the World Race

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01.20 | Women.Born.Before

20 jan 1856 Harriet Eaton Stanton Blatch
Harriet Eaton Stanton Blatch (20 jan 1856 – 20 nov 1940 | Seneca Fall NY – Greenwich CT) writer, speaker, suffragist | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
20 jan 1872 Julia Morgan
Julia Morgan (20 jan 1872 – 02 feb 1957 | San Francisco CA – San Francisco CA) architect, Arts and Crafts Movement supporter, first female AIA Gold Medalist (posthumous award) | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
20 jan 1873 Zelda Paldi Sears
Zelda Paldi Sears (20 jan 1873 – 19 feb 1935 | Brockway Township MI – Hollywood CA) novelist, actress, lyricist, playwright, screenwriter, businesswoman | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
20 jan 1876 drusilla dunjee houston
Drusilla Dunjee Houston (20 jan 1876 – 08 feb 1941 | Harpers Ferry WV – Phoenix AZ) author, musician, educator, journalist, columnist, screenwriter, independent historian, co-founded Oklahoma City chapters of YWCA / Red Cross / NAACP, one of first leaders of Oklahoma Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs, contributing editor to Oklahoma Black Dispatch [first black newspaper in Oklahoma City founded by brother Roscoe Dunjee]  | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne

. . . . . . .

Irma LeVasseur (20 jan 1877 – 18 jan 1964 | Quebec City, Quebec – Quebec City, Quebec) physician, pioneering pediatrician, first French-Canadian female doctor

Ruth Saint Denis (20 jan 1879 – 21 jul 1968 | Newark NJ – Hollywood CA) ballerina, modern dance pioneer, founding director Denishawn School of Dancing and Related Arts

Eva Jessye (20 jan 1895 – 21 feb 1992 | Coffeyville KS – Ann Arbor MI) professor, choral conductor, civil rights activist, first African-American woman to achieve international recognition as choral conductor

Zema Barbara [Bobs] Cogill Haworth (20 jan 1900 – 30 mar 1988 | Queenstown, South Africa – Toronto, Ontario) potter, painter, South African-Canadian, founded Canadian Group of Painters

Fleur Cowles (20 jan 1908 – 5 jun 2009 | New York NY – Sussex UK) author, editor, painter, aka Florence Freidman, fashion magazine founder / publisher

Genevieve Natalina D’Amato Fiore (20 jan 1912 – 10 mar 2002 | Sunrise WY – Denver CO) peace / women’s rights activist, founder / executive director Colorado UNESCO Club

Mariam McGlone (20 jan 1916 – 19 may 2008 | New York NY – Guilford CT) dancer, educator, dance critic, WWII magazine worker, early member of Martha Graham Dance Company

Patricia Louise Neal (20 jan 1926 – 08 aug 2010 | Packard KY – Edgartown MA) actress, arts supporter, autobiographical author, stroke / spinal cord / brain injury activist / spokesperson

Denise McCluggage (20 jan 1927 – 06 may 2015 | El Dorado KS – Santa Fe NM) journalist, sportswriter, pioneering female auto racer

Rhina Polonia Espaillat (20 jan 1932 – Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic) poet, translator, bilingual Dominican-American

Linda Moulton Howe (20 jan 1942 – Boise ID) author, investigative journalist, extraterrestrial theorist, documentary film writer / editor / director / producer

Diana Walker (20 jan 1942 – Washington DC) author, photographer, photojournalist, TIME magazine White House photographer [1984-2004]

Pat Mitchell (20 jan 1943 – Swainsboro GA) journalist, philanthropist, media executive, documentary film producer, former CEO / President PBS , current CEO / President at The Paley Center for Media

Gabrielle Michele Spiegel (20 jan 1943 – New York NY) author, professor, historian, medieval France specialist

Nancy Julia Chodorow (20 jan 1944 – New York NY) author, feminist, sociologist, psychoanalyst, retired professor, psychoanalytic feminist theorist / leader / specialist

Susan Rothemberg (20 jan 1945 – Buffalo NY) painter, visual artist, sketch artist

Christine Leo Roussel (20 jan 1945 – New York NY) author, curator, consultant, art historian, photographer

Rachel Hirschfeld (20 jan 1946 – 01 oct 2018 | Tel Aviv, Israel – California US) lawyer, play co-producer, animal law / pet protection specialist

Connie Regan-Blake (20 jan 1947 – US) author, master storyteller, workshop facilitator, founding member / former Artistic Director of National Storytelling Network, founder / facilitator of coaching company StoryWindow Productions

Lily Jan (20 jan 1947 – Fu-Chow, China) neuroscientist, professor of molecular physiology

Prudence Anne Villiers Farrow Bruns (20 jan 1948 – Los Angeles CA) author, film producer, magazine writer, meditation teacher

Nancy Anne Koningisor Kress (20 jan 1948 – Buffalo NY) columnist, short story sci-fi writer

Gail Caldwell (20 jan 1951 – Amarillo TX) book critic, columnist, memoirist, Pulitzer Prize winner for Criticism

Elaine Rochelle Sisman (20 jan 1952 – US) author, professor of music, music / rhetoric / aesthetics specialist

Robin A. Abbott (20 jan 1953 – Orlando FL) attorney, politician, consumer rights advocate, focus on mortgage lenders in foreclosure cases

Minerva Garza Carcaño (20 jan 1954 – Edinburg TX) author, interfaith activist, immigration reform advocate, LGBT rights activist, first female Hispanic United Methodist minister

Nancy Ann Lange Kuczynski (20 jan 1954 – Rock Springs WI) former First Lady of Peru, civic / social activist, investment and marketing professional, first public act: organized march protesting violence against women

Lisa Rachel Zeno Churgin (20 jan 1955 – US) film editor, president of Motion Picture Editors Guild

Lori K. Gordon (20 jan 1958 – Northern Plains US) painter, sculptor, mixed media / assemblage artist, founder / president Six Degree Consortium US non-profit and El Renn Maroc NGO in Morocco

01.19 | Women.Born.Before

19 jan 1803 Sarah Helen Whitman
Sarah Helen Whitman (19 jan 1803 – 27 jun 1878 | Providence RI – Providence RI) poet, author, essayist, Spiritualist, literary figure, transcendentalist | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
19 jan 1840 alice hale hill
Alice Hale Hill (19 jan 1840 – 19 jul 1908 | Providence RI – Denver CO) political hostess, Colorado State Senator’s wife, social / charitable worker, president of YWCA, charter member of several civic organizations | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
19 jan 1859 Alice Eastwood
Alice Eastwood (19 jan 1859 – 30 oct 1953 | Toronto, Ontario – San Francisco CA) Canadian-American author, editor, curator, teacher, journal founder, self-taught botanist, plant collector / discoverer / cataloguer | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
19 jan 1897 Natacha Rambova
Natacha Rambova (19 jan 1897 – 05 jun 1966 | Salt Lake City UT – Pasadena CA) actress, ballerina, producer, playwright, memoirist, artistic director, screenwriter, set / costume / fashion designer, elite couture fashion shop owner, born Winifred Kimball Shaughnessy | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne

. . . . . . .

Anne Schumacher Hummert (19 jan 1905 – 05 jul 1996 | Baltimore MD – New York NY) journalist, advertising executive, multimillionaire, radio serials scriptwriter, pioneering soap opera writer

Oveta Culp Hobby (19 jan 1905 – 16 aug 1995 | Killeen TX – Houston TX) attorney, politician, newspaper editor / vice-president, U.S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, Women’s Army Corps first commanding officer

Dorothy Grider (19 jan 1915 – 18 feb 2012 | Bowling Green KY – Bowling Green KY) artist, children’s book illustrator

Edith Emerald Johns (19 jan 1915 – 10 jun 1999 | Winnebago Reservation NE – Chicago IL) nurse, community leader, Winnebago-Nez Perce, aka Patche-Ka-Danga and Edith Big Fire Johns, founding member Native American Educational Services College

Mary [Patricia] Plangman Highsmith (19 jan 1921 – 04 feb 1995 | Fort Worth TX – Locarno, Switzerland) novelist, short story writer, crime fiction author

Lila May Banks Cockrell (19 jan 1922 – Fort Worth TX) politician, WWII Navy WAVE, former San Antonio Texas Mayor, League of Women Voters activist / chapter president

Mary Evelyn Blagg Huey (19 jan 1922 – 27 jun 2017 | Wills Point TX – Denton TX) educator, English professor, president of Texas Woman’s University

Jean Murray Stapleton (19 jan 1923 – 31 may 2013 | Manhattan NY – New York NY) author, Christian Scientist, tv / stage / film actress

Elsie Jean McGivney Boese (19 jan 1925 – 07 apr 2004 | New Orleans LA – Alexandria LA) poet, political activist, Poet Laureate of Louisiana State

Nancy Conners Hanschman Dickerson Whitehead (19 jan 1927 – 18 oct 1997 | Wauwatosa WI – New York NY) memoirist, tv / radio news reporter, documentary filmmaker, founded Television Corporation of America, first American female national television news correspondent / program host

Nel Noddings (19 jan 1929 – Irvington NJ) author, feminist, educationalist, philosopher of ethics / caring / education

Nathalie Kay [Tippi] Hedren (19 jan 1930 – New Ulm MN) actress, former fashion model, worldwide relief worker, animal rights activist, focus on lions and tigers, founded Roar Foundation to support The Shambala Preserve in Acton CA, instrumental in development of Vietnamese-American nail salons in the US

Kay Halloran Chapman (19 jan 1937 – Estherville IA) politician, former state legislator, first female to enter law practice in Cedar Rapids, second female mayor of Cedar Rapids

Catherine McArdle Kelleher (19 jan 1939 – US) author, professor, political scientist involved in national / international security policy

Charlotte Vale Allen (19 jan 1941 – Toronto, Ontario) Canadian-American novelist, aka Katherine Marlowe

Kathy Kohner Zuckerman (19 jan 1941 – Los Angeles CA) Malibu surfer, surfs annually to benefit cancer charity, real-life inspiration for character in novel Gidget: The Little Girl with Big Ideas written by [her father] Frederick Kohner and later a character in films / television series

Pat Mora (19 jan 1942 – El Paso TX) Latina-American poet, non-fiction author, public radio show host, children’s book writer

Alison Gordon (19 jan 1943 – 12 feb 2015 | New York NY – Toronto, Ontario) author, novelist, memoirist, sports journalist, one of first female reporters to cover sports

Dolly Rebecca Parton (19 jan 1946 – Sevier County TN) actress, memoirist, singer-songwriter, philanthropist, instrumentalist, children’s book author

Viviana A. Rotman Zelizer (19 jan 1946 – Argentina) Argentine-American author, scholar, cultural / economic / relational / historical sociologist

Ann Compton (19 jan 1947 – Chicago IL) journalist, tv news reporter / correspondent

Paula Deen (19 jan 1947 – Albany GA) cook, author, restaurateur, tv cooking show host

Nancy Ann Lynch (19 jan 1948 – Brooklyn NY) author, mathematician, algorithms / technology / software science researcher

Patricia Bracewell (19 jan 1950 – California US) educator, historical fiction author

Phyllis Bennis (19 jan 1951 – US) writer, activist, policy analyst, political commentator

Colleen Coble (19 jan 1952 – Wabash IN) Christian romance / historical fiction novelist

Cynthia Morris [Cindy] Sherman (19 jan 1954 – Glen Ridge NJ) author, film director, photographer, MacArthur Fellow, conceptual photography portrait artist

Susan Solomon (19 jan 1956 – Chicago IL) author, atmospheric chemist, ozone research specialist, affiliated with US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Danese Cooper (19 jan 1959 – US) programmer, computer scientist, open source software advocate

Eleanor Jane Mondale Poling (19 jan 1960 – 17 sep 2011 | Washington DC – Prior Lake MN) actress, broadcast journalist, political family member

01.18 | Women.Born.Before

18 jan 1826 Virginia Penny
Virginia Penny (18 jan 1826 – 04 apr 1913 | Louisville KY – Wards Island NY) author, economist, suffragist, social reformer, employment agency owner for women, first to study women’s labor markets | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
18 jan 1837 Sarah Blakeslee Chase
Sarah Blakeslee Chase (18 jan 1837 – 01 apr 1914 | New Richmond OH – Toledo OH) birth control activist, homeopathic gynecologist, first female admitted to Medical Society of Cleveland and to Homœopathic Association of Ohio | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
18 jan 1841 Alice H. Putnam
Alice H. Putnam (18 jan 1841 – 19 jan 1919 | Chicago IL – Chicago IL) author, educator, pioneer in Chicago kindergarten education, opened and directed first private kindergarten in Chicago | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
18 jan 1871 emma bertha delany
Emma Bertha Delany (18 jan 1871 – 07 oct 1922 | Fernandina Beach FL – Fernandina Beach FL) African-American missionary fundraiser, first Baptist missionary to Malawai and Liberia in Africa, co-founded Providence Industrial Mission (Malawi) and Suehn Industrial Mission (Liberia) | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne

. . . . . . .

Irene Osgood Andrews (18 jan 1879 – 01 feb 1963 | Big Rapids MI – New York NY) writer, author, relief worker, factory inspector, focus on challenges facing women in American industries

Pearl Anderson Wanamaker (18 jan 1899 – 04 dec 1984 | Mabana WA  – Seattle WA) author, legislator, politician, short story writer, public instruction superintendent

Mollie Huston Lee (18 jan 1907 – 26 jan 1982 | Columbus OH – Raleigh NC) author, librarian, public library founder, public library community outreach leader / activist / innovator, first African-American librarian in Raleigh, North Carolina, founded first library in Raleigh to serve African-Americans

Gwethalyn Graham Erichsen-Brown (18 jan 1913 – 25 nov 1965 | Toronto, Ontario – Montreal, Quebec) novelist, first Canadian novelist to become #1 New York Times Best Seller

Elizabeth [Liz] Walbert Crandall (18 jan 1914 – 09 nov 2005 | Columbus KS – Brunswick ME) author, feminist, essayist, home economist, environmentalist, women’s rights activist

Ruth Watson Lubic (18 jan 1927 – Bristol PA) certified nurse-midwife, applied anthropologist, one of first to pioneer role of nurse-midwives as primary care providers for women, co-founded several freestanding birth centers, first nurse to receive MacArthur Fellowship Genius Grant

Shelby Hearon (18 jan 1931 – 10 dec 2016 | Marion KY – Burlington VT) novelist, short story writer

Denise Bombardier (18 jan 1941 – Montreal, Quebec) novelist, essayist, journalist, producer, media personality

Linda Mary Montano (18 jan 1942 – Saugerties NY) sculptor, performance artist

Kay Granger (18 jan 1943 – Greenville TX) author, politician

Janet Sternburg (18 jan 1943 – Boston MA) poet, essayist, memoirist, fine art photographer

Amanda Jay Mortimer Burden (18 jan 1944 – New York NY) consultant, urban planner

LaVonne Salleé (18 jan 1946 – Roswell NM) found / recycled / conceptual artist

Barbara Lister-Sink (18 jan 1947 – Lexington CA) classical pianist, music educator, global leader / founding director for first Professional Certificate Program in Injury Preventive Keyboard Technique

Kiki Smith (18 jan 1954 – Nuremberg, West Germany) West German-born American artist, author, sculptor, drawer, printmaker

Victoria Valentine (18 jan 1954 – Westchester NY) poet, author, entrepreneur, indie book publisher

Lisa Adeline Mainiero (18 jan 1957 – US) author, academic, research focus on women in management, one of first to investigate romance in the workplace

Marci Lee Bowers (18 jan 1958 – Burlingame CA) surgeon, gynecologist, specialist in gender confirmation surgery, first out trans woman to perform transgender surgery

01.17 | Women.Born.Before

17 jan 1836 mary jane whitely coggeshall
Mary Jane Whitely Coggeshall (17 jan 1836 – 22 dec 1911 | Milton IN – Des Moines IA) writer, speaker, suffragist, first editor Woman’s Standard, aka the Mother of Woman Suffrage in Iowa, first woman west of Mississippi to join the National American Woman Suffrage Association [NAWSA] | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
17 jan 1853 Alva Erskine Smith Belmont
Alva Erskine Smith Belmont (17 jan 1853 – 26 jan 1933 | Mobile AL – Paris, France) socialite, suffragist, librettist, philanthropist, multi-millionaire, architectural endower / decorator | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
17 jan 1873 edith stuyvesant dresser gerry
Edith Stuyvesant Dresser Gerry (17 jan 1873 – 21 dec 1958 | Newport RI – Providence RI) heiress, socialite, social activist, philanthropist, once the wealthiest woman in Rhode Island | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
17 jan 1874 josie bassett morris
Josie Bassett Morris (17 jan 1874 – 01 may 1964 | Hot Springs AR – Jensen UT) potter, pioneer, basket maker, cattle rancher, folk figure affiliated with The Wild Bunch Gang, rumored to have been Butch Cassidy’s sweetheart | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne

. . . . . . .

Cora Wilson Stewart (17 jan 1875 – 02 dec 1958 | Farmers KY – Columbus NC) educator, social reformer, founded Moonlight Schools to teach illiterate adults

Vera de Bosset Stravinsky (17 jan 1888 – 17 sep 1982 | St Petersburg, Russia – New York NY) German-Russian-American artist, dancer

Evelyn Dunn Scott (17 jan 1893 – 03 aug 1963 | Clarksville TN – New York NY) poet, critic, novelist, essayist, playwright, aka Daughter of Tennessee

Helmi Dagmar Juvonen (17 jan 1903 – 18 oct 1985 | Butte MT – Elma WA) Finnish-American artist, arts activist, puppeteer, dollmaker, illustrator, printmaker, Pacific Northwest specialist

Peggy Gilbert (17 jan 1902 – 12 feb 2007 | Sioux City IA – Hollywood CA) multi-instrumentalist, pioneer all-girl bandleader, women’s musician advocate, WWII USO volunteer entertainer, née Margaret Fern Knechtges

Edith Louise Starrett Green (17 jan 1910 – 21 apr 1987 | Trent SD – Tualatin OR) educator, politician, Title IX advocate, women’s rights / education activist, second female US Representative in Oregon State

Ruth Swanson Venn (17 jan 1910 – 27 jan 2003 | Michigan US – Battle Creek MI) baker, franchise bakery businesswoman, Archway Cookies founder / director

Nora Kaye (17 jan 1920 – 28 feb 1987 | New York NY – Los Angeles CA) Jewish-Russian-American, ballerina, producer, choreographer, art collector, aka The Duse of Dance

Hannah Tompkins (17 jan 1920 – 25 oct 1995 | New York NY – Clearwater FL) Russian-Polish-Jewish-American artist, printmaker, Shakespeare-based painter

Lorna Cooke deVaron (17 jan 1921 – Western Springs IL) choral conductor, choral conducting teacher / professor

Eloise R. Giblett (17 jan 1921 – 16 sep 2009 | Tacoma WA – Seattle WA) hematologist, medical pioneer, genetic scientist, research professor, discovered first immunodeficiency disease

Betty Marion White Ludden (17 jan 1922 – Oak Park IL) writer, actress, comedian, social icon

Jewel Plummer Cobb (17 jan 1924 – 01 jan 2017 | Chicago IL – Maplewood NJ) African-American, author, biologist, cancer researcher, academic administrator, first black woman to lead California State University, Fullerton

Eartha Kitt (17 jan 1927 – 25 dec 2008 | North SC – Weston CT) singer, dancer, author, activist, memoirist, comedian, voice artist, née Eartha Mae Keith, German-Cherokee-African-American

Shari Lewis (17 jan 1933 – 02 aug 1998 | New York NY – Los Angeles CA) puppeteer, ventriloquist, children’s entertainer

Martha P. Cotera (17 jan 1938 – Chihuahua, Mexico) Mexican-American, author, librarian, Chicana / feminist activist, founded Chicana Research and Learning Center [Austin, Texas]

Wendy Masako Yoshimura (17 jan 1943 – Manzanar Internment Camp CA) Japanese-American artist, author, art teacher, still life watercolor painter, former radical political activist

Jessica Benjamin (17 jan 1946 – Washington DC) author, feminist, psychoanalyst, social thought expert / specialist

Lucy Saroyan (17 jan 1946 – 11 apr 2003 | San Francisco CA – Thousand Oaks CA) actress, photographer, film library archivist

Helaine Head (17 jan 1947 – Los Angeles CA) tv / film / theatre director, professor of directing USC School of Cinematic Arts

Anita Borg (17 jan 1949 – 06 apr 2003 | Chicago IL – Sonoma CA) author, computer scientist, women’s activist / advocate

Emily Rooney (17 jan 1950 – Norwalk CT) journalist, identical twin, tv / radio talk show host, former news producer, television personality

Monique Proulx (17 jan 1952 – Quebec City, Quebec) novelist, screenwriter, short fiction writer

Geraldine Lee Richmond (17 jan 1953 – Salina KS) author, chemist, physical chemist, academic chair, Director and co-Founder of COACh international grassroots mentoring / advocacy group for women scientists

Gloria Bonilla-Santiago (17 jan 1954 – Puerto Rico) author, distinguished professor, expert in public policy, social capital, community development, migration of women, diversity management, organizational leadership

Ann [Annie] Nocenti (17 jan 1957 – US) comics writer, editor, teacher, journalist, filmmaker, documentary co-director

Liz Balmaseda (17 jan 1959 – Puerto Padre, Cuba) Cuban-American, two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist in Commentary and Breaking-News Reporting

01.16 | Women.Born.Before

16 jan 1825 Virginia Clay-Clopton
Virginia Caroline Tunstall Clay-Clopton (16 jan 1825 – 23 jan 1915 | Nash County NC – Gurley AL) author, memoirist, political wife, suffragist, United Daughters of the Confederacy member | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
16 jan 1837 Ellen Russell Emerson
Ellen Russell Emerson (16 jan 1837 – 12 jun 1907 | New Sharon ME – Cambridge MA) author, sketcher, ethnologist | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
16 jan 1843 Sarah Rosetta Wakeman
Sarah Rosetta Wakeman (16 jan 1843 – 19 jun 1864 | Afton NY – New Orleans LA) US folk figure, aka Lyons Wakeman, letter correspondent, disguised female Civil War Union soldier | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
16 jan 1844 ella flagg young
Ella Flagg Young (16 jan 1844 – 26 oct 1918 | Buffalo NY – Washington DC) author, essayist, theorist, educator, first female superintendent of major school district, first female president of National Education Association (NEA) | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne

. . . . . . .

Anna Agnes Maley (16 jan 1872 – 24 nov 1918 | Faxon MN – Minneapolis MN) teacher, journalist, political activist, newspaper editor

Margaret Wilhelmina Wilson (16 jan 1882 – 06 oct 1973 | Traer IA – Droitwich UK) novelist, aka G.D. Turner

Claudine West (16 jan 1884 – 11 apr 1943 | Nottingham UK – Beverly Hills CA) British-American novelist, screenwriter

Ruth Schoedsack Rose (16 jan 1896 – 08 jun 1978 | Somerville MA – Santa Monica CA) screenwriter, King Kong classic movie writer / editor

Margaret Booth (16 jan 1898 – 28 oct 2002 | Los Angeles CA – Los Angeles CA) film editor, producer

Laura Reichental Riding (16 jan 1901 – 02 sep 1991 | New York NY – Sebastian FL) poet, critic, novelist, essayist, short story writer, member of The Fugitives

Gilda Galán (16 jan 1917 – 21 jun 2009 | Guayama, Puerto Rico – Carolina, Puerto Rico) poet, author, actress, dramatist, comedian, scriptwriter

Doris Gwendolyn Willett Tate (16 jan 1924 – 10 jul 1992 | Houston TX – Palos Verdes CA) Crime Victims Rights Movement leader, mother of Manson murder victim Sharon Tate, Coalition on Victims’ Equal Rights (COVER) founder

Joy Hakim (16 jan 1931 – Forest Hills NY) author, historian, schoolteacher, young adult science / history writer

Dian Fossey (16 jan 1932 – c. 26 dec 1985 | San Francisco CA – Virunga Mountains, Rwanda) author, zoologist, primatologist, anthropologist, mountain gorilla researcher / conservationist, murdered in her tent (open unsolved case)

Elaine Baxter (16 jan 1933 – Chicago IL) schoolteacher, state politician, civic activist / preservationist

Susan Rosenblatt Sontag (16 jan 1933 – 28 dec 2004 | New York NY – New York NY) author, novelist, teacher, essayist, bisexual, filmmaker, playwright, social / political activist, public intellectual

Judy Jacobson Erola (16 jan 1934 – Sudbury, Ontario) former politician, tv / radio broadcaster, first female Canadian weather reporter, first female Minister for Status of Women, Equal Voice board member, Canadian women in politics activist / advocate / supporter

Marilyn Horne (16 jan 1934 – Bradford PA) memoirist, autobiographical author, operatic mezzo-soprano, founded Marilyn Horne Foundation, vocal recital preservationist, Voice Program Director at Music Academy of the West (CA)

Linda King Newell (16 jan 1941 – US) author, biographer, Mormon historian

Donna Lewis Friess (16 jan 1943 – Los Angeles CA) author, professor, incest survivor, public speaker, children’s rights / child abuse prevention activist

Marcelite J. Harris (16 jan 1943 – Houston TX) civil rights activist, first African-American female US Air Force General, NAACP Atlanta (GA) Branch treasurer

Jill Cornell Tarter (16 jan 1944 – US) author, astronomer, extraterrestrial life researcher

Honey Lee Cottrell (16 jan 1946 – 21 sep 2015 | Astoria OR – Santa Cruz CA) lesbian activist, filmmaker, photographer, San Francisco Lesbian and Gay History Project co-founder

Laura Catherine Schlessinger (16 jan 1947 – Brooklyn NY) author, aka Dr. Laura, psychologist, talk radio host, marriage / family therapist, socially conservative commentator

Ruth Reichl (16 jan 1948 – New York NY) chef, novelist, memoirist, food writer, cookbook author, culinary editor, last editor-in-chief of Gourmet magazine

Linda Arrigo (16 jan 1949 – Virginia US) author, political activist, human rights advocate, academic researcher, international affairs officer for Green Party Taiwan

Anne F. Beiler (16 jan 1949 – Lancaster County PA) memoirist, Old Order Amish, businesswoman, autobiographical author, Auntie Anne’s Pretzels founder

Deborah Kaye [Debbie] Allen (16 jan 1950 – Houston TX) actress, dancer, tv producer, tv / film director, choreographer, member US President’s Committee on the Arts

Harriet Scott Chessman (16 jan 1951 – Newark OH) novelist, nonfiction author

Mary Karr (16 jan 1955 – Texas US) poet, feminist, essayist, memoirist, Guggenheim Fellow, pro-choice / pro-women’s ordination Catholic convert

Marla Frazee (16 jan 1958 – Los Angeles CA) children’s author / illustrator

Juanita Bynum (16 jan 1959 – Chicago IL) author, actress, gospel singer, Pentecostal televangelist

Anita Alvarez (16 jan 1960 – Chicago IL) lawyer, first Hispanic female IL State Attorney

01.15 | Women.Born.Before

15 jan 1811 Abigail [Abby] Kelley Foster.jpg
Abigail [Abby] Kelley Foster (15 jan 1811 – 14 jan 1887 | Pelham MA – Worcester MA) suffragist, speaker, abolitionist, women’s rights activist, radical social reformer | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
15 jan 1836 constance f. l. r. runcie
Constance Faunt Le Roy Runcie (15 jan 1836 – 17 may 1911 | Indianapolis IN – Winnetka MO) poet, artist, author, pianist, composer, short story writer | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
15 jan 1860 katharine bement davis
Katharine Bement Davis (15 jan 1860 – 10 dec 1935 | Buffalo NY – Pacific Grove CA) author, criminologist, progressive era social reformer, first female NYC Correction Commissioner, science-based prison reformer, groundbreaking female sexuality researcher, first US female PhD in economics and political science | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne
15 jan 1862 loie fuller
Loïe Fuller (15 jan 1862 – 01 jan 1928 | Fullersburg IL – Paris, France) dancer, memoirist, choreographer, free dance practitioner, stage lighting artist / inventor / patent holder | women.born.before © susan.powers.bourne

. . . . . . .

Frances Benjamin Johnston (15 jan 1864 – 16 may 1952 | Grafton WV – New Orleans LA) pioneering photographer, early female photojournalist

Alice Rohe (15 jan 1876 – 07 apr 1957 | Lawrence KS – New York NY) author, journalist, Etruscan art objects collector, joined first US women’s journalism association, WWI first female overseas bureau chief (in Rome) for United Press

Mazo Louise de la Roche (15 jan 1879 – 12 jul 1961 | Newmarket, Ontario – Toronto, Ontario) playwright, serial novelist, short fiction writer, autobiographical author

Euphemia Charlton Fortune (15 jan 1885 – 15 may 1969 | Sausalito CA – Carmel CA) liturgical designer, Impressionist painter

Theora Alton Hamblett  (15 jan 1895 – 06 mar 1977 | Paris MS – Oxford MS) teacher, pointillist painter, religious visionary, first Mississippi artist exhibited at MoMA

Juanita Leavitt Pulsipher Brooks (15 jan 1898 – 26 aug 1989 | Bunkerville NV – St George UT) author, historian, professor, Mormon / American West specialist

Irene Corbally Kuhn (15 jan 1898 – 30 dec 1995 | New York NY – Concord MA) journalist, memoirist, syndicated columnist, founding member Overseas Press Club

Edna Louise Cress Staebler (15 jan 1906 – 12 sep 2006 | Berlin, Ontario – Waterloo, Ontario) author, essayist, journalist, literary critic, Mennonite cookbook writer, born Cora Margaret Cress (later changed legally to Edna Louise Cress), created Edna Staebler Award for Creative Non-Fiction

Florence Rhein Bayard Bird (15 jan 1908 – 18 jul 1998 | Philadelphia PA – Ottawa, Ontario) author, memoirist, journalist, broadcaster, Canadian Senator, Chair of Royal Commission on the Status of Women

Kathleen Wilson Pilkington (15 jan 1911 – 20 jul 2005 | Girard KS – Falmouth ME) American-British radio script writer

Ruth Slenczynska (15 jan 1925 – Sacramento CA) Russian-American pianist, memoirist, non-fiction author, artist-in-residence

Ida Lewis Guillory (15 jan 1929 – Lake Charles LA) aka Queen Ida, American Creole, accordionist, music producer, cookbook author, first female accordionist to lead Zydeco band

Lee Bontecou (15 jan 1931 – Providence RI) artist, sculptor, printmaker

Nancy [Nan] Florence Earl-Brooks (15 jan 1935 – 25 feb 2018 | Cape May NJ – Philadelphia PA) children’s book illustrator, devotee of Eastern religions, known for contributions to the Little Golden Books

Arlie Russell Hochschild (15 jan 1940 – Boston MA) author, academic, founder of the sociology of emotion, professor emerita, sociological specialist of emotions, genders, and politics,

Jaune Quick–to–See Smith (15 jan 1940 – Confederated Salish and Kootenai Indian Reservation MT) abstract painter / printmaker, collaborative public installation artist, Native American artist / arts activist / curator / organizer

Mary Carruthers (15 jan 1941 – US) author, professor, memory / mnemonics / medieval literature / history of spirituality specialist

Bonnie Burnard (15 jan 1945 – 04 mar 2017 | Petrolia, Ontario – London, Ontario) novelist, short fiction author

Karen Carlson (15 jan 1945 – Shreveport LA) actress, director, screenwriter

Dini Petty (15 jan 1945 – Kingston-upon-Thames UK) children’s author, English-Canadian tv / radio host, first Toronto female traffic reporter / helicopter pilot

Mary Overlie (15 jan 1946 – Montana US) author, dancer, theater artist, choreographer, originator of Six Viewpoints technique for dance and theater, co-founder of Danspace Project / the Studies Project / Movement Research / Experimental Theater Wing at NYU

Veronica Tennant (15 jan 1946 – London UK) English-Canadian filmmaker, producer, director, former Principal Dancer with National Ballet of Canada

Andrea Louise Martin (15 jan 1947 – Portland ME) singer, author, actress, American-Canadian

Betsy Leondar-Wright (15 jan 1956 – Summit NJ) author, sociologist, economic justice activist, focus on class and economic inequalities

Dawn-Michelle Baude (15 jan 1959 – Belleville IL) poet, essayist, educator, journalist, translator, fiction / nonfiction author